ABVD Chemotherapy

ABVD chemotherapy is a treatment used for treating Hodgkin lymphoma. This cancer occurs in the lymphatic system of the body. ABVD basically refers to ABVD chemotherapy regimen which consists of four drugs. A patient undergoing the treatment can get all information related to it from his doctor or the nurse in the hospital. Besides, he can also consult the nurses providing cancer support services for information regarding the treatment.

What the Drugs used for ABVD Chemotherapy?

ABVD Chemotherapy TreatmentThe drugs that are used for the ABVD chemotherapy treatment include doxorubicin, vinblastine, bleomycin and dacarbazine. Both doxorubicin and vinblastine are given to the patient as an injection through a saline water drip. However, bleomycin and dacarbazine are given to the patient as infusions.

How is ABYD Chemotherapy Treatment given to a patient?

A patient under going the AVBD chemotherapy treatment can be a day patient. Prior to the beginning of the treatment, some blood tests have to be done. If the results of the blood tests come out as positive, the treatment is started. When starting the chemotherapy treatment, the nurse may insert a cannula, i.e. a flexible and thin tube into the vein in the patient’s arm or hand. Some patients may take their chemotherapy treatment through a thin tube made of plastic, which is inserted into the vein around the patient’s collarbone or below his skin.

The drugs used in ABVD chemotherapy treatment are generally given to the patient in the form of injection or as infusion. The entire process may take about 2 hours. A patient who is treated as a day patient can return home after the treatment. The doctor removes the cannula once the treatment is complete. However, the doctor gives the patient some anti-sickness medicines. These medicines help to prevent the occurrence of any side effects like nausea and vomiting. The patient should consume these anti-sickness drugs as prescribed by the doctor, even if they do not face any side effects.

How often is ABVD Treatment given to a patient?

The doctor prepares a proper regime of the ABVD chemotherapy treatment for his patient. The doctor on the first day of the treatment gives the patient a prescribed dose of doxorubicin, dacarbazine, bleomycin and vinblastine drugs. This is generally followed by a period of rest. During this time no treatment will be done and the rest period may be of 2 weeks. On the 15th day the patient is given the same drugs again. This is again followed by a 2 weeks rest period. The 4 week period of treatment constitutes a cycle of the chemotherapy treatment. The next cycle of chemotherapy treatment for the patient starts on the 29th day. The entire treatment is given in 2-8 cycles which may take a time of 2-8 months.

What are the Side Effects of ABVD Chemotherapy Treatment?

The ABVD chemotherapy treatment can result in reduction in the white blood cells’ production. Another side effect of this treatment is high temperature. This treatment also causes unexplained bleeding and bruising. This treatment can also cause anemia in some patients. Another side effect of this treatment is nausea and vomiting. Other side effects include hair loss, fatigue, allergic reaction, mouth ulcers, fever and chills, changes in skin and nails, numbness, etc.