Chemotherapy Medications

Amongst the many  treatment options available for cancer, chemotherapy is a prominent one which employs powerful medicines to eliminate malignant cells affected by cancer. The drugs used in chemotherapy treatment for cancer  are usually given to a patient by drip or injection. A patient undergoing chemotherapy, in most cases is required to stay in the hospital for the treatment.

Chemotherapy Medications For chemotherapy treatments, fresh medicines are always being invented by the doctors. The drugs are developed aiming at the kind of cells that lead to cancer in a person’s body.  For example, a lady suffering from breast cancer will be diagnosed to see her receptor status. Checks will be carried out to see if the malignant cells have become susceptible to the impacts of various sex hormones like oestrogen. If the results say so, then the patient will be given specific anti-cancer medicines which prevent the impacts of that hormone.

Side Effects of Chemotherapy Medications

Although chemotherapy treatments are said to be effective it should be noted that chemotherapy medications do cause side effects. Chemotherapy drugs  also tend to affect the healthy cells while treating the cancerous cells.. As a consequence, a person undergoing chemotherapy may suffer from a range of physical illnesses. Some of them are fatigue, loss of hair, lowered immunity and vomiting. It can also affect their sex lives adversely. Nevertheless there are certain drugs that can be used to cut down the severity of the possible side effects.

Drugs used in Chemotherapy Treatments

There are several types of medicines that are used in chemotherapy treatments. The categorization is done on the basis of how the drugs impact certain chemical matters in the cancerous cells in the body. The way the medicine affects the activities of the affiliated cells is also considered. This aids the doctors to decide what kind of drugs should be administered to the patients and in what combination and order.
There are some chemotherapy drugs  that are classified as alkylating agents. These medicines cause damage to the DNA directly to stop the cancerous cells from regenerating. These drugs can be administered in all the stages of cell cycle. They are used to treat a variety of cancers like treatment for lung  cancer, breast  cancer, ovarian cancer and chronic leukemias etc. Some of these drugs are dacarbazine, cisplatin, temozolomide and melphalan.
Another type of drugs employed in chemotherapy medications are nitrosoureas. They meddle with the enzymes that aid in repairing and copying DNA. These drugs are not stage specific and since they can reach the brain from the blood, brain tumors  are also treated by them. Some of the important nitrosoureas medicines are carmustine, and streptozocin. Another type of chemotherapy drugs is antimetabolites that hinder the RNA and DNA growth. Some examples of drugs belonging to this type are gemcitabine, fludarabine and methotrexate. Two other important variants of chemotherapy drugs are anthracyclines and topoisomerase Inhibitors. Another two types of chemotherapy drugs are mitotic Inhibitors and corticosteroid hormones.
Apart from the aforesaid ones, there exist some chemotherapy medicines that cannot be classified into any particular type. The instances are hydroxyurea, thalidomide and L-asparaginase.